Lifelong Learning Programme

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Title of the Experience
Astronomy - orientation in the sky
Name of the teacher
Ewelina Gizińska
Country where it took place
School typology
Primary school
Thematic Area
Physics, Science
Experience typology
Teaching in class
Type of contact
Description of the Experience
Problem: Astronomy is a fascinating and thrilling field. However, it requires the observation of the sky at night, and which is difficult in the school environment. Photos and maps in the manual cannot replace the view of the starry sky. How to gain students’ interest in astronomy? How to encourage the observation of celestial bodies and help them to understand the phenomena occurring beyond our planet?

Solving the problem: It is proposed to conduct classes in which students learn to use the rotating sky map and learn how to work with the computer program "Stellarium" (virtual planetarium). It assists their recognition of stars, planets, constellations and allows for observation of the sky.

Rotating map of sky
With it you can determine the appearance of the sky at a certain time every day of the year. It should teach children to operate this utility. The overlay window and changing the rotational position of the constellation depending on hours and seasons. Only the position of the Pole Star remains Immutable, around which the apparent motion of the sky takes place.

Exemplary exercise for students:
Using a rotating map of the sky, point to several constellations of the summer sky, winter sky constellations and several non overlapping - visible all year round.

This is very helpful, easily accessible (free) software program that allows you to recreate a realistic picture of the sky at a chosen time and place in the world. The program helps to present the effects of the Earth's rotation, keep track of wandering planets, phases of the moon, to recognize the constellations. It is an invaluable aid in the understanding of many astronomical phenomena.
Example exercise for students:
The Big Dipper is a constellation known and recognized by many people, can serve as a signpost stellar. Using Stellarium program, specify how you can find other constellations that are close to him. Look at the graphic interpretations of chosen constellation. Learn the origin of their names.
In the evening, try to find the constellations in the sky.

Rotary map of sky and Stellarium program helped many kids get started in astronomy. They are happy to attempt to do self-observation, ask questions, share experiences and display achievements.

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Dissemination Seminar in Florence

31 October 2015 The seminar has been held in ITIS “A. Meucci” one of the schools involved within Goerudio project activities. Its main aim was to promote the results of the project toward a broad sample of stakeholders even overcrossing the number of people directly involved in the production of project outcomes. This purpose has been totally achieved especially thanks to the participation of students and teachers coming from different schools or from other classes instead of those ones directly involved within the project activities.